Macron engaged in a heated exchange with discontent demonstrators.
The Yellow Vest protest movement in France has persisted 10 months after its inception.
France's national holiday did not go without violent clashes as Yellow Vest protesters tried to blockade the Champs Elysees boulevard.
A 73-year-old anti-globalization activists injured in clashes with riot police in Nice has become a symbol for the continuing protests.
There were no incidents involving the military troops redeployed by Macron from Operation Sentinel to relieve the police.
The decision is designed to demonstrate power while relieving France's financially strained police, according to an expert.
France is already using troops to guard public venues in Operation Sentinel because of the 2015 terrorist attacks.
Some 80 venues were vandalized by black bloc anarchists in downtown Paris on Saturday during the 18th week of Yellow
The renewed violence is reminiscent of December's rallies and might signal a resurgence of the Yellow Vests' movement.
In the wake of the three-month-long Yellow Vest protests, French lawmakers passed a controversial law on February 5 that would